Historical Writing Nationalism DBQ Essay Nationalism unites people of different classes and ideologies. It brings people together but also pulls them apart. It can be defined as the love for one’s country and willingness to sacrifice for it to be free from foreign rule, patriotism. It can also be defined as the belief that one’s national culture and interests are superior to any other. Dictators and other politicians can use nationalism as a tool to exaggerate differences and cause discriminatory thinking. Beginning with the French Revolution of 1789, nationalism was the most powerful force in the 1800s. Throughout the course of history, nationalism united people into nation-states; toppled empires composed of many ethnic minorities, and contributed to the outbreak of wars in the nineteenth century. Nationalism unified people into nation-states. A nation-state is generally an independent political state. Unification developed between groups of people of similar culture, religion, language, and traditions. During the French Revolution, nationalism was significant in the Levée en Masse “…young men shall go forth to battle…women will make tents…old men will gather in public places to raise the courage of the warriors…” (Document 1) because everyone contributed to the war to fight a common enemy for common goals. Also in the French national
nineteenth Century Europe was greatly influenced by Nationalism. Nationalism sparked alteration in Europe through sovereignty and liberty. Nationalism broke down aging imperiums and acted as force for disunity. In an act of trueness to their state. people brought fusion to Italy and Germany. the Ottoman and the Austro-Hungarian imperiums began to crumple. and the effusion of wars such as the Franco-Prussian War and the Seven Weeks’ War came approximately.
Patriotism was a cardinal factor in edifice states. Throughout the old ages Italians were turning impatient and disgruntled under foreign regulation. Count Cavour was responsible for the encephalons behind the fusion of Italy. He believed that let go ofing the Italians from foreign regulation would non merely leave the state important and superb but besides provide the people with intelligence and cognition ( Doc. 3 ) . Italian Nationalists looked up to the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia because of their power over the Italian provinces. In 1848. the land had adopted a broad fundamental law. So to the in-between category progressives. fusion under Piedmont Sardinia was appealing.
Giuseppe Garibaldi. the leader of ground forces of patriots. captured Sicily. After processing across the Italian mainland their was an understanding to allow the Sardinian male monarch regulation. Like Italy. Germany achieved national integrity around the same clip.
The Austrian Empire took over the German alliance ; nevertheless. Prussia was prepared to unite them. Prussia had a mainly German imperium. Therefore. patriotism genuinely incorporate Prussia. When Bismarck took control. he was a maestro of practical politics. Bismarck’s method for unifying Germany was through blood and Fe ( Doc 5 ) . He believed that the power of Germany should be allocated over all German People. In his eyes. war was the lone option to accomplishing success.
When patriotism emerged in the nineteenth Century. cultural struggle threatened and finally wiped out some of the staying imperiums. After the Prussians triumph in the Austro-Prussian War. Prussia gained control of the freshly organized North German Confederation. Pressured by the Hungarians. Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria split his imperium in half. declaring Austria and Hungary independent provinces. Nationalism continued to breakdown this imperium for more than 40 old ages until after World War 1 were it broke into several separate states.
Patriotism was the cardinal ingredient in the separation of provinces including the Czechs. Romanians. Austrians. Italians. Serbians and Hungarians. throughout the Austro-Hungarian Empire ( Doc. 7 ) . The Ottoman Empire shortly began to weaken every bit good. The Ottoman Empire was controlled by governing Turks. The Empire granted equal citizenship to all people under their regulation after they felt force per unit area from British and Gallic. This action angered conservative Turks who were against alteration and caused strain in the imperium. In response to patriotism. similar to the Austrian Empire. the Ottoman Empire began to crumple shortly after World War 1.
Patriotism in states caused eruptions of War. Bismarck intentionally stirred up boundary line struggles with Austria over Schleswig and Holstein. The tensenesss caused Austria to declare war on Prussia in 1866. This statement was known as the Seven Weeks’ War. The Prussians won a annihilating triumph. Peoples who genuinely have faith in their state will happen success in war ( Doc 4. ) As a consequence of Prussian triumph. Austria had to accept Prussian appropriation of more German Territory. Prussia took control of Northern Germany.
By 1867. merely a few southern German provinces remained independent from Prussian control. Bismarck felt he could win the support of Southerners if they faced a menace from outside. Frances national anthem urged the Gallic to contend for their values and to take a base. They must contend till the coating to liberty or decease ( Doc. 2 ) . The Gallic declared war on Prussia in 1870. The Prussian ground forces rapidly headed for northern France. The Franco Prussian war was the concluding phase in German Unification. Nationalism began distributing to people in southern Germany. where they eventually accepted Prussian leading. Bismarck used what he believed was the cardinal factor to success. Blood and Iron.
Patriotism brought approximately much trueness throughout Europe. Patriotism sparked fusion of Italy and Germany. dissolution of aging imperiums such as Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian. and eruptions of war including Franco-Prussian and Seven Weeks’ War. Nationalism had a major influence on 19th Century Europe.
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