Problem And Solution Essay Ppt Presentation

Presentation on theme: "A Guide to Problem and Solution Essays"— Presentation transcript:

1 A Guide to Problem and Solution Essays
How to write a standard five paragraph essay and argue Your Solutions

2 What’s a problem and solution essay anyway?
If there’s a problem, there usually is a solution and even when there’s not a definite solution, there are people arguing over which solution is bestProblem/solution assignments don’t have to be difficult. Just follow the writing process.

3 What are the steps to the writing process?
Brainstorm – read the prompts and determine which one you can write the most about. Which one do you feel strongly about?Plan your paper – pick a graphic organizer and use it!(The more detail in your organizer the easier it will be to write your paper) Since you are writing a standard five paragraph paper you should offer up three solutions.Put the problem you’ll be analyzing hereProblemPut your thesis (main solution) hereSolutionBullet your points that support your solution here (these will become your supporting paragraphsAddress arguments that oppose your solution as well as other solutions. Be sure to explain the importance of the informationRefutation and or conclusion paragraph

4 What are the steps to the writing process?
Once you plan your paper, use your plan to write the rough draft. Keep in mind that you must have five paragraphs – introductory, three body paragraphs (This is where you offer up solution(s) in detail and your concluding paragraph)Once the rough draft is written you need to get two different peer edits. Peer editors should use the edit checklist as well as their editor’s marks to edit your paper.Put the problem you’ll be analyzing hereProblemPut your thesis (main solution) hereSolutionBullet your points that support your solution here (these will become your supporting paragraphsAddress arguments that oppose your solution as well as other solutions. Be sure to explain the importance of the informationRefutation and or conclusion paragraph

5 What are the steps to the writing process?
Rewriting and using all of the advice that you got from your peer edits will help you with the Revised draft. After all it would be a huge waste of time if you didn’t go back and fix your mistakes.Finally after you think you have caught all of your mistakes create your final draft. Final drafts should be typed in a 12 pt font or handwritten in blue or black ink. If you type then you can save yourself a lot of time.Put the problem you’ll be analyzing hereProblemPut your thesis (main solution) hereSolutionBullet your points that support your solution here (these will become your supporting paragraphsAddress arguments that oppose your solution as well as other solutions. Be sure to explain the importance of the informationRefutation and or conclusion paragraph

6 Problem/Solution Pre-write Example
Cigarette SmokingOffer help to those who are addicted and create programs to prevent new addicts.SolutionEducate youths at an earlier age through media, news and mediical servicesMake patches, gum and other nicotine programs more affordableCharge more for cigarettesNote that the bullets which back up the thesis statement become the body paragraphs.Some will argue it’s against their freedoms to phase this habit out but second smoke takes the rights and lives away from othersSome will argue it’s too late to help those who are addicted but with the right support and accessibility for help they can quitRefutation/Conclusion

7 What is a topic sentence?
Every paragraph in your five paragraph paper will begin with a TOPIC SENTENCE. It is the first sentence of every paragraph. The purpose of this sentence is to catch the readers attention and let them get a feel for what the paragraph is going to be about. You can do this a number of different ways here are just a few:Shock the readerUse statisticsRelate to the ReaderPose a question for the reader to think about

8 So what’s my thesis? The purpose of the thesis is to tell the reader what your paper is going to be all about.Your thesis may vary depending on what your topic is, who your audience is and how much information you haveYour thesis could argue for one main solution“Although many disagree, spanking is still a useful tool to use for discipline problems as long as it’s used constructively.”When using this format, your body paragraphs will all tie into and support your one solution of spanking.Your thesis could argue for the urgent need to solve the problem“Even though several attempts have been made to eradicate drunk driving, people still ignore or deny the reality of drunk driving consequences.”When using this type of thesis, your body paragraphs will support and tie into the importance of the problem.

9 So what’s my thesis continued
Your thesis could argue for three main solutions – one per body paragraph“spanking for inappropriate behaviors, time out for inappropriate behaviors and positive reinforcement for positive behaviors can all contribute to the healthy raising of a respectful and obedient child.When using this format, your body paragraphs will all tie into each other and attempt to fix the overall problem. In this particular example it is a child that is not respectful or obedient to their parents and other adults.

10 What will a problem/solution essay organizer look like?

11 Hot TipsMake sure you do not act like a politician… meaning don’t complain about a problem during your entire essay without creating a solutionIf you do argue for a solution, be sure that you explain the solution thoroughly and realistically so the reader will be convinced

12 Any other problems?If you want to know more about how essays are generally graded, look at Entry #8 peer edit Rubric – these are going to be the same things that I will look at when I grade your paper.

Presentation on theme: "PROBLEM-SOLUTION ESSAY"— Presentation transcript:

1 PROBLEM-SOLUTION ESSAY
1. Understanding problem-solution essay topics2. Organizing your ideas3. Writing Thesis Statement4. Developing body paragraphs5. Writing Conclusion

2 UNDERSTANDING PROBLEM-SOLUTION ESSAY TOPICS
Exercise: Read the essay questions below. Which one asks you to write an opinion essay and which one is for problem-solution essay? The underlined words may help you to reach your decision.1. Many newspapers and magazines feature stories about the private lives of famous people. We know what they eat, where they buy their clothes and who they love. Is it appropriate for a magazine or newspaper to give this kind of private information about people? What do you think? Write an essay about the issue explaining your reasons.2. Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems. Identify one or two serious ones and suggest ways that governments and individuals can tackle these problems.3. Procrastination is the practice of carrying out less urgent tasks in preference to more urgent ones, or doing more pleasurable things in place of less pleasurable ones, and thus putting off tasks to a later time, sometimes to the "last minute". Procrastination is very common in university students. Why is it a problem and how can a student avoid procrastinating?Opinion EssayProblem-Solution EssayProblem-Solution Essay

3 4. The first car appeared on Turkish roads in 1896
4. The first car appeared on Turkish roads in Now, there are more than 3 million registered vehicles in Istanbul and more than 17 million vehicles on Turkish roads. Alternative forms of transport should be encouraged and international laws introduced to control car ownership and use. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Write an essay explaining your reasons.5. University students may have some problems with their roommates during their stay in the dorm or their flat. What kind of problems may they have? How can college students handle problems with roommates?6. Is freedom of speech necessary in a free society? What do you think? Write an essay explaining your reasons.7. What kind of problems might arise when you have a long-distance relationship with your girlfriend/boyfriend when you are in university? How can these problems be solved?8. The internet has transformed the way information is shared and consumed, but it has also created problems that did not exist before. What are the most serious problems associated with the internet and what solutions can you suggest?Opinion EssayProblem-Solution EssayOpinion EssayProblem-Solution EssayProblem-Solution Essay

4 9. What are the negative effects of cheating in the university
9. What are the negative effects of cheating in the university? How can cheating in university be best handled? 10. Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems. Explain the problems and suggest ways that governments and individuals can tackle these problems. 11. Recent figures show an increase in violent crime among youngsters under the age of 18. Some psychologists claim that the basic reason for this is that children these days are not getting the social and emotional learning they need from parents and teachers. To what extend do you agree or disagree with this option? Write an essay giving your reasons. 12. Nowadays many people have access to computers on a wide basis and a large number of children play computer games. What are the negative impacts of playing computer games and what can be done to minimize the bad effects?Problem-Solution EssayProblem-Solution EssayOpinion EssayProblem-Solution Essay

5 2. ORGANIZING YOUR IDEASSTEP 1: Understand the essay topic and ask some questions.Sample Essay topic: Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems. Explain the problems and suggest ways that governments and individuals can tackle these problems.To explain the problem(Body paragraph #1), think about the answers to these similar questions:What are the problems that overpopulation causes in cities?What are the consequences of overpopulation in cities?What happens when the cities are overpopulated?Why is it a problem?

6 STEP 2: GATHERING INFORMATION/BRAINSTORMING Find answers to your questions in Step 1 and write as many ideas as you can in your chart.BODY PARAGRAPH #1 (EXPLAINING THE PROBLEM)Problems in public transportationdifficult to provide services for all peoplegreater povertyCrowded buses, trains, metroOverpopulation in citiesAutomobile exhaustlarge volumes of uncollected wasteair pollutionsignificant impact on human healththe loss of habitat and food sources

7 Overpopulation in cities People’s health(1st supporting idea)
STEP 3: CLASSIFYING IDEAS for describing the PROBLEM (BODY PAR. #1) Now, classify your ideas under more general topics. This will help you decide which ideas can be supporting ideas and which ideas can be used for justifications (examples, explanations) in your body paragraph #1 . Find at least 2 different ideas. (There are 3 different ideas below.) BODY PARAGRAPH 1:Overpopulation in citiesPeople’s health(1st supporting idea)Air pollution(automobile exhaust, houses, factories)Ex: Lung/respiratory diseaseslarge volumes of uncollected wasteEx: infectious diseasesstress, depressionProblems in public services(2nd supporting idea)Uncollected wastecrowded buses, metroheavy trafficEnvironmental problems(3rd sup.idea-optional)the loss of habitat for animalsloss of food sourcesLoss of forests

8 What are the solutions?/How can this problem be solved?
2. ORGANIZING YOUR IDEASSTEP 4:Now, it is time to think about the second part of the essay topic.(Body paragraph #2)Sample Essay topic: Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems. Explain the problems and suggest ways that governments and individuals can tackle these problems.To suggest solutions(Body paragraph #2), think about the answers to these similar questions:What are the solutions?/How can this problem be solved?What can governments do to get rid of these problems?What should individuals/citizens/people do to solve them?How can we overcome these problems?

9 STEP 5: FINDING SOLUTIONS Now look back at the problems one by one and create solutions for each.
(BODY PARAGRAPH #1)People’s healthAir pollution(automobile exhaust, houses, factories)Ex: Lung/respiratory diseaseslarge volumes of uncollected wasteEx: infectious diseasesstress, depression(BODY PARAGRAPH #2)reducing air pollution by upgrading energy use and alternative transport systemsproviding free health care for the citizensproviding free psychological counselling for the citizensProblems in public servicesUncollected wastecrowded buses, metroheavy trafficMore investment on public transportationMore trains, longer metro lines, less cars in trafficMotivating people not to waste food and to recycle

10 REMEMBER the paragraph plan of problem-solution essay:
Now that you have decided the content of body paragraphs, you are ready to start writing your essay.REMEMBER the paragraph plan of problem-solution essay:Paragraph 1: IntroductionGeneral StatementsThesis StatementParagraph 2: Description of the problem (Body p.#1)Paragraph 3: Solution to the problem (Body #2)Paragraph 4: Conclusion

11 3. WRITING THESIS STATEMENTS

12 expressing the problem
3. WRITING THE THESIS STATEMENT Thesis statement in Problem-Solution essay should have two parts: Part 1: Expressing the general problem Part 2: hint about the solutionexpressing the general problemexpressing the problemhint about the solutionOverpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems. However, there are still several things that governments and individuals can do in order to overcome these problems.

13 hint about the solution Write 2 alternative thesis statements:
Exercise 1: Write a thesis statement for the given problem-solution essay topics.Example:Topic 1: During the last weeks of the academic year, there is a decrease in students’ motivation. What are the reasons for this problem and how can it be solved? expressing the general problemThesis statement:University students may lose their interest in the lessons at the end of the year, yet there are many things that can done to prevent this.hint about the solutionWrite 2 alternative thesis statements:University students usually feel demotivated in their studies towards the end of the year. However, we can still do many things to solve this problem.There is always a loss of concentration and motivation among university students at the end of the semestre, but this can still be prevented by taking some specific steps.

14 Topic 2: Many people start smoking at an early age and endanger their lives. What are the reasons for this problem and what are the measures that can be taken? Write 3 alternative thesis statements. Thesis Statement 1: Thesis Statement 2: Thesis Statement 3:The number of young people who start smoking increases day by day. However, there are many ways to dissuade them from smoking.Many people start smoking as teens. However, we can take some measures to prevent this from happening.Many young people endanger their lives by starting smoking at an early age; yet there are many ways to solve this problem.

15 Topic 3: Many university students have difficulty in managing their money while they are studying at university away from their family. What kind of problems do they have related to money? And what should they do to solve these problems?Write 3 alternative thesis statements.Thesis statement 1:Thesis statement 2:Thesis Statement 3:It is difficult for university students to manage their money on their own but there are many ways to solve this problem.University students have many problems about managing their money while they’re studying at university away from their family. However, these problems can be solved in many ways.University students may go through many problems because they do not know how to manage their money, yet they can cope with this problem in many ways.

16 Write 2 alternative thesis statements:
Topic 4: University students may have some problems with their roommates during their stay in the dorm or their flat. What kind of problems may they have? How can college students handle problems with roommates?Write 2 alternative thesis statements:Thesis statement 1:Thesis statement 2:University students may have some problems with their roommates, but they can solve these problems in many ways.Sometimes, university students cannot get on well with their roommates in the dorm or in their flat; however, there are potential ways to solve these problems.

17 4. DEVELOPING BODY PARAGRAPHS

18 Developing the body paragraph #1 (describing the problem)
Sample essay topic: Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems. Explain the problems and suggest ways that governments and individuals can tackle these problems.Topic sentence for Body Paragraph#1:There are many problems associated with overpopulation in cities.Write alternative topic sentences:Overpopulation causes lots of problems in big cities.Overpopulation leads to several problems in big cities.Big cities are negatively affected by the overpopulation.There are several problems in big cities caused by overpopulation.

19 Developing the body paragraph #1 (describing the problem)
Overpopulation in citiesPeople’s health(1st supporting idea)Air pollution(automobile exhaust, houses, factories)Ex: Lung/respiratory diseaseslarge volumes of uncollected wasteEx: infectious diseasesstress, depressionProblems in public services(2nd supporting idea)Uncollected wastecrowded buses, metroheavy trafficOverpopulation causes lots of problems in big cities.(TOPIC SENTENCE) First problem is that it negatively affects people’s health. (1st supporting idea) Air pollution caused by car exhaust, factories and houses makes it very difficult to breath and it also leads to respiratory diseases among people. Moreoever, people suffer from stress and depression in overpopulated cities since they face with lots of problems during their daily lives. Secondly, there are lots of problems in public services.(2nd supporting idea) For instance, the waste of the city cannot be collected and the streets can be full of garbage, which is a bad scene for the citizens. Furthermore, buses and trains are always crowded and people lose a lot of time while travelling.

20 Developing the body paragraph #2(providing solutions)
Sample essay topic: Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems. Explain the problems and suggest ways that governments and individuals can tackle these problems.Topic sentence for Body Paragraph#2:However, there are many ways to solve these problems.Write alternative topic sentences:Despite these problems, there are some solutions to overcome the negative effects of overpopulation.However, in order to solve these problems, the governments and individuals can do lots of things.Solving these problems will not be easy but there are some measures that can be taken.

21 Developing the body paragraph #2(providing solutions)
Problems about people’s health Problems in public servicesDespite these problems, there are some solutions to overcome the negative effects of overpopulation.(TOPIC SENTENCE) First solution is that the government should take actions about reducing the air pollution. They can do this by motivating people not to use their cars and by investing on the public transportation systems more. Besides, the factories should be punished if their emissions exceed the limits. Another solution is that the government should provide free health care for those who have respiratory diseases and give free psychological counselling for all the citizens. In this way, people can cope with the stress of living in an overpopulated city. Last solution is that the local authorities should motivate people not to waste food. For example, they can organize campaigns and seminars about recycling.reducing air pollution by upgrading energy use and alternative transport systemsproviding free health care for the citizensproviding free psychological counselling for the citizensMore investment on public transportationMore trains, longer metro lines, less cars in trafficMotivating people not to waste food and to recycle

22 5. Writing ConclusionIn conclusion paragraph, you should return to the thesis statement, restate it and express your final thoughts and recommendations. Here are two strategies:1. Add a final observation about how people view the problem.2. Make a ‘call for action’ that asks people to do something to help solve the problem.

23 Exercise: Re-state the thesis statements below, add an observation and a call for action.
Thesis statement: University students usually feel demotivated in their studies towards the end of the year. However, we can still do many things to solve this problem.Restated thesis statement:In conclusion, there are many ways to increase the motivation of university students, even at the end of the year.Observation:Students might be exhausted or bored with all the homework, quizzes, exams and lectures. They may even stop coming to the school.Call for action:However, they need to continue their studies till the end. They should know that if they are a bit patient, keep completing their assignments and attend the classes regularly, they will get good results and won’t regret.

24 Thesis Statement: Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems. However, there are still several things that governments and individuals can do in order to overcome these problems.Restated thesis statement: Although there are several negative effects of overpopulation in big cities, overcoming these problems is possible. Observation: Due to these problems, people living in overpopulated cities suffer from health problems and they face many challenges during their daily lives. Call for action: However, governments, local authorities and individuals should take responsibility and minimize these problems for a better future.

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