Argumentative Essay On Hybrid Cars

Imagine a day when you will no longer be able to drive your vehicle to work or anywhere you would like to go. This could be a possible outcome due to the fact that over the years, thousands of cars have been manufactured and most of them run and depend on fossil fuels. Today these fossil fuels are potentially in danger of running out due to the use of them in the vehicles we travel in every day. Currently cars such as hybrids are being manufactured and are being brought to attention so this problem will be less likely to occur.

Hybrid cars are able to run on electricity and if the battery runs out of electricity then it resorts to using gasoline. The use of electricity can help reduce many problems in the environment and for some financially. Hybrid cars are efficient, environment friendly, and can help America not rely on other countries for fossil fuels. Hybrid cars can have many benefits that make it one of the most efficient types of cars in the automotive industry.

As renewable-info states, “The basic definition of hybrid cars would be [..] mostly the combination of an internal combustion engine and one or more electric motors. Such combination enables hybrid cars to have higher fuel efficiency (.. ) compared to traditional gas-powered cars”(Haluzan). This kind of a feature allows cars like Toyota Prius to drive at fifty one miles per gallon rate compared to an average of twenty four miles per gallon in a gasoline dependent car. This high of a mileage can help a consumer save a lot of money since in this type of an economy gas prices do not seem to go down. According to CNN.

Money, an average family spends about 364.09 dollars per month. A hybrid car does not use the gasoline unless it runs out of electricity and when it does run out of electricity it would use gasoline. Electricity is much cheaper than gasoline, therefore if a regular person drives about 80 miles a day then a hybrid car may not even have to rely on fossil fuels and in order to refuel the battery all a person has to do is plug in the car charger into any working electric output. Hybrids can help save lots of money to the user and not only do they help the users but also the world.

Hybrid cars help save not only money but also the environment we live in. As stated by AllHybridCars, “As the automobiles is increasing, world is at the threat of toxic pollutants and global warming, due to their exhaust ingredients. The decrease in the tail pipe emission will be a great advantage for the environment as well as the society. ” The hybrid cars run on electricity therefore the CO2 emission in the air compared to a regular conventional car’s emission is way less. The minimal production of CO2 from the exhaust not only helps keep the air clean but it also helps reduce global warming.

The effect of cars on global warming is unseen but as Nitin Patel an electrical engineer on Chevy Volt states, “Global Warming can be reduced heavily if more cars ran on electricity. ” Having cars run on electricity helps reduce the air fill up with Carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is not only harmful to the environment but it is also harmful to everyone who breathes the air so we should not forget that we are not the only ones living in the world, animals are also getting affected by our use of fossil fuels. Our dependency on fossil fuel also results in making the U. S dependent on others.

America does not produce enough oil to supply every driver in America. According to Nitin Patel, “Use of hybrid cars can help America be independent and get out of bad relations with other nations”. Also according to ABC7 news one of the U. S’s biggest suppliers of oil is Iran, and recently Iran is threatening to cut out the oil supply to U. S. The result of oil cut can be seen as the gas prices are going up from where they were a few weeks ago. Iran and most of the supplier of oil are themselves having a hard time stabilizing their own countries due to various rebellions going on from the public of these countries.

If America continues its relations with countries like these then United States will be obligated to fight for the government of these countries not the people. If most of Americans starts to go green and drive hybrid cars it will help America not be dependent of Iran and other Middle Eastern countries for the oil. Although there are many benefits to owning a hybrid, a person might state that the hybrid cars are not built for performance and that the costs of hybrids are way too high. However, this does not have to be necessarily true since cars like Lexus GS are now on the market.

Lexus GS can top up to 160 miles per hour which is an exceptional speed for a hybrid car. As for the cost of hybrids cars, now cars like Honda CR-Z can be bought for a starting price of $19,545 which compared to regular cars is about the same or even less than usual. These types cars can not only be good and beneficial but can also mix the fun of driving a sports car and being environmentally friendly. Using hybrid cars can have many benefits and most of them come for not only the users but also the others and for the Earth and its beautiful nature.

In today’s economy saving money and living environmentally friendly seem to be one of the toughest things to do, this is not very difficult to achieve, one can simply switch by driving hybrid cars or buy a hybrid car next time they switch their car and you can get two benefits in one. We need to make sure our Earth is clean for the generations to come and doing so is not very hard but is only a switch away, a switch from a regular car to an environmental one. Works Cited “Advantages of Hybrid Cars. ” Hybrid Cars – Hybrid Car Features and Specifications.

Web. 9 Feb. 2012. <http://www. allhybridcars. com/advantages-of-hybrid-cars. html>. Haluzan, Ned. “Hybrid Cars Advantages and Disadvantages – Renewable Energy Articles. ” Energy Articles – Renewable Energy Articles. 22 Nov. 2010. Web. 7 Feb. 2012. <http://www. renewables-info. com/drawbacks_and_benefits/hybrid_cars_advantages_and_disadvantages. html>. “Honda CR-Z Overview. ” Honda Cars – New and Certified Used Cars from American Honda. Honda. Web. 12 Feb. 2012. <http://automobiles. honda. com/cr-z/>.

“Lexus GS 450h – Review | Hybrid Cars. ” New Hybrid Reviews, News & Hybrid Mileage (MPG) Info | Hybrid Cars. Web. 7 Feb. 2012. <http://www. hybridcars. com/compacts-sedans/lexus-gs-450h-overview. html>. Patel, Nitin. “Advantages of Hybrid Cars. ” Personal interview. 8 Feb. 2012. Rooney, Ben. “Gas Prices Eat up $368 a Month of Your Income – May. 5, 2011. ” CNNMoney – Business, Financial and Personal Finance News. CNN, 05 May 2011. Web. 12 Feb. 2012. <http://money. cnn. com/2011/05/05/news/economy/gas_prices_income_spending/index. htm>.

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Debate: Hybrid vehicles

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Should hybrid vehicles be a major part of plans to fight global climate change?

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Background and context

A hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) generally includes two distinct power sources to propel the vehicle: a gasoline engine and a re-chargeable battery that supports and adds efficiency to the gasoline engine.
Hybrid electric cars have become popular in recent years due to what is believed to be their greater energy efficiency and environmental friendliness compared to ordinary gasoline cars. The Prius is one of the more popular hybrid electric vehicles, created by Toyota in 1997 and sold internationally starting in 2001. While hybrids have increased in popularity, skeptics have questioned whether they should really be a part of 21st century strategies to combat global warming. Despite its initial acceptance, it is widely debated whether hybrid-electric vehicles are the best "clean" form of transportation, compared with its primary alternatives: hydrogen fuel cell cars, electric cars, and even hybrid plug-in electric vehicles. With scarce resources in this fight, governments must decide whether hybrid electric vehicles warrant support and priority over these other various forms of alternative transportation. It requires a comparative analysis of advantages and disadvantages to determine whether hybrid vehicles should be part of national and global plans to combat global warming.

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Emissions: Can hybrid vehicles significantly reduce greenhouse emissions?

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Yes

  • Hybrids significantly reduce emissions, fight global warming Hybrid vehicles are far more fuel efficient; sometimes between two to three times more fuel efficient. This means that they can emit 1/3 to 1/2 the greenhouse gases of ordinary gasoline cars. Because gasoline vehicles are the single greatest contributor to global warming, hybrid vehicles can make a significant contribution to the fight against global warming.
A study conducted by the Electric Power Research Institute, a not-for-profit research group, and the Natural Resources Defense Fund found, that if American motorists would use rechargeable "plug-in" hybrid-electric vehicles in large numbers, the United States could see a significant drop in greenhouse gas emissions by the middle of the century. The study estimated that with a market share of about 60 per cent or more plug-ins, the vehicles could help reduce approximately 450 million metric tons in greenhouse gas emissions a year by 2050. These reductions would be the equivalent of removing 82 million passenger cars.[1]
  • Hybrids reduce emissions through regenerative braking. The process recaptures energy normally wasted during braking, by converting the kinetic energy of braking into electricity that can be stored in an on-board electric battery. This electric battery is then used to back-up the gasoline engine and increase efficiency. This reduces the use of gasoline and diesel in engines and reduces emissions. This approach is a simple way to help in the fight against global warming.
  • Hybrids increase efficiency by shutting engines down while idling. Too much energy is wasted and greenhouse gases emitted at stops and when idling or coasting. Hybrid cars reduce these inefficincies and senseless emissions by shutting down while coasting or when idling at stops.
  • Hybrid cars are an important step in the right direction The technology backing 0-emission alternatives is not yet well established. In the interim before this technology scales, hybrid vehicles are a good investment. Any alternative that produces less emissions than ordinary gasoline vehicles is a good one. Hybrids meet this criteria, even if they are to be replaced in the future by fully electric and hydrogen cars. At the very least, hybrids are an important stepping stone in the right direction.
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No

  • Hybrid cars still burn gasoline and emit greenhouse gases Hybrid cars still rely on gasoline as their primary form of propulsion. They have an electric motor (in addition to a gasoline engine), but this can only draw power, in various ways, from the gasoline engine. The hybrid only adds efficiency to the gasoline engine, instead of replacing it entirely. The hybrid car remains, therefore, a major emitter of greenhouse gases and a contributer to global warming. While it may contribute less to global warming, it still contributes significantly. If hybrids continue to be built in the coming decades, they will continue to contribute substantial to global warming into the middle of the century. This is unacceptable. At a time when we must respond decisively to global warming, investing in cars that continue to contribute negatively to global warming is the wrong course of action, particularly when 0-emission alternatives are available.
  • Hybrid cars are too mild a solution to global warming Global warming is a global crisis. It requires an immediate, dramatic response. Yet, hybrids are a half measure. They reduce emissions only slightly, moving cars from a terrible contributer to global warming a notch down to a bad contributor. Instead of supporting hybrid cars, full measures must be taken with immediate moves to electric and/or hydrogen vehicles, which emit no greenhouse gases from the tail-pipe.
  • Hybrids make us think we're doing enough to solve global warming Hybrid cars make us think we're doing enough to fight global warming. While we think we are being "green" by driving hybrids, in fact, we are still burning gasoline in the vehicle and contributing significantly to global warming. This generates complacency among the public and politicians, and reduces the urgency of finding truly 0-emission alternatives.
  • Manufacturing hybrids releases comparatively more greenhouse gasesKelly Cunningham. "The Case Against Hybrid Cars" - "To understand the hybrid, truly, you must observe it's manufacture from start to finish. To make the massive battery found in the typical hybrid, nickel must be smelted- the fumes and byproducts and waste produced in the initial smelt is massive. The area in Ontario where the initial smelting for the Toyota Prius batteries occurs has become barren and scarred and lifeless in the less than two decades that the smelting plant has been situated there...Just the shipping involved in the early life of a hybrid battery is horribly pollutive- oil-powered ships, cargo planes and deisel trucks all over the world constantly run, devoted to the task of making more ecologically sound vehicles."

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Batteries: Are hybrid batteries environmentally friendly?

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Yes

  • New hybrid car batteries are much safer for the environment Today most Hybrid car batteries are one of two types: (1) nickel metal hydride, or (2) lithium ion; both are regarded as more environmentally friendly than lead-based batteries (which constitute the bulk of car batteries today). "Jim Kliesch, author of the 'Green Book: The Environmental Guide to Cars and Trucks' told HybridCars.com, 'There are many types of batteries. Some are far more toxic than others. While batteries like lead acid or nickel cadmium are incredibly bad for the environment, the toxicity levels and environmental impact of nickel metal hydride batteries—the type currently used in hybrids—are much lower.'"[2].
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No

  • Hybrid vehicle batteries are a burden to deal withKelly Cunningham. "The case against hybrid cars". Helium - "at the end of their lives, Escalades can be crushed, recycled and smelted into new products. The hybrid battery, having undergone such intense refinement, must be recycled properly by the manufacturer. The car is therefore very costly to dispose of in terms of resources and if people are lazy about doing so and the hybrids end up in junkyards, the potential toxicity to the disposal area is deadly. If the car only lasts 100,000 miles, then, how long before these noxious substances are improperly discarded in large quantities and begin to further destruct land and groundwater?"

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Economics: Are hybrid vehicles economically sensible?

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Yes

  • Fuel-efficient hybrid vehicles are competitive in the markets"The Pros and Cons of Hybrid Vehicles". Green Living Lifestyles. - "The most apparent benefit of the hybrid vehicle is its fuel-efficient operation. Sure, you still have to make your visits to the gas station, but the advantage is that you will do so less often. Because of the hybrid vehicle’s electric motor, the energy your hybrid produces is much cleaner. In addition, your hybrid will automatically shut off the gasoline engine during stops or when your car is idling. That is why these cars are so quiet when you park or are at a stoplight! The electric motor kicks in and saves some fuel from being used. Therefore, if you commute to work or are in traffic quite a bit, this feature will help save some money on gasoline."
"The Pros and Cons of Hybrid Vehicles". Green Living Lifestyles. - "It is not uncommon to hear of some hybrid vehicles going five to eight hundred miles on one tank of gas. The average gas-powered family sedan gets anywhere between two hundred and three hundred miles to a tank of gas depending on the driving conditions. Can you imagine driving almost three times the amount of miles before refilling your gas tank? It boggles the mind! Of course, the larger hybrid vehicles like the SUVs will not realize as many miles, but you can still expect a lot more than normal."
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No

  • Hybrid cars rely on waning gasoline supplies so can't survive long-term. Hybrid vehicles are still oriented around the gasoline engine. Oil and gasoline supplies, however, will disappear at some point in the future. Hybrid gasoline-electric vehicles, therefore, cannot be a long-term solution. They are also, in this manner, a poor long-term investment.
  • Hybrid vehicles cost a lot more, but do the same job. While hybrid vehicles may be slightly better for the environment, they cost a considerable amount more than normal vehicles. The fact is, hybrid vehicles run just as well as all other vehicles and do exacly the same job. They just cost more. Anyone wanting to save money would be silly to buy a hybrid car - all other cars work just as well.
  • Hybrids are more complicated, which has has costs"Hybrid Cars -- Pros and Cons". Physorg. - "All this new technology comes at a price: a hybrid car is complex and expensive. It has two motors and all the ancillary systems to manage them plus a heavy battery and a regeneration system used to produce electricity during breaking. All of these systems must work together, adding complexity. While cars and, just as importantly, the computers that control them, have become more reliable, they still suffer from failures. So owners of hybrids can expect more time in the shop and larger repair bills."
  • Hybrid batteries and cars are built to last only 100,000 miles This is a very small number of miles compared to ordinary gasoline vehicles, which last around 300,000 miles. This means that one individual would have to purchase three hybrids to obtain the same length of life of a regular gasoline vehicle. This is three-times the cost for the same value. And, even if owners don't want to keep a car for over 100,000 miles, the net effect to the economy is that hybrids live one-third as long and are nearly three times as costly to individuals and the economy.
  • Hybrids are more efficient largely because they have smaller engines. Hybrids may indeed be more efficient and deliver more miles per gallon, but this is true of any car which, like a hybrid, has a smaller engine. Hybrid vehicles are also more efficient simply because of things like tier-type, but these things can be done with other cars too.

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