Essay on Banking
2495 Words10 Pages
A bank refers to a financial institution that accepts deposits and channels the money into lending activities (Lewis, 2009). Ethics refers to the principles of right and wrong that are accepted by an individual or a social group ((Lewis, 2009).) Conceptually, ethics refers to well base standards of right and wrong that prescribe what humans ought to do, usually in terms of rights, obligations, benefits to society, fairness, or specific virtues (Safakli, 2005). It’s the integrity measure, which evaluates the values, norms and rules that constitute the base for individual and social relationships, from a moral perspective (Smith and Smith, 2002). It consists of choosing the good over the bad, the right over the wrong and the…show more content…
The banking sector in the modern society, in many areas, play many roles which includes unifying and intermediary roles between the fund supplying and fund demanding sides of the society, helping accomplish investment and saving functions. Banking institutions are expected to protect the rights and interests of depositors, establish stable and trustworthy financial markets, engage in economic development and more importantly to ethically conduct their operations in compliance with the principles of integrity, transparency , reliability, impartially, with social responsibility and control money laundering (Carse, 1999). However, not all banking institutions practice these norms, with their dishonor leading to adverse effects, for instance; corruption which includes the banking sector unethical conduct, can cost the poor three times more than the rich, according to a 2002 Word Development Report.
Financial institutions -including banks of all sorts, credit agencies, private equity firms, pension funds, insurance companies, and the like- have long been considered by most people to have no other object in view than the creation of wealth. The performance of financial institutions is therefore measured solely on the basis of their capacity to maximize financial assets, that is, it has been measured with evaluation factors that review only their monetary bottom-line results.
This dissertation studies how banks collect and process information. The first chapter studies how the organizational structure of banks affects the processing of information. The second chapter studies how banks use private information collected over the lending relationship in credit negotiations. The last chapter is joint work with Hans Degryse, Jose Liberti and Steven Ongena and studies how banks use ‘soft information’ to monitor small firms. This dissertation uses hand collected internal bank data which opens the black box on how banks communicate internally, negotiate and monitor small firms. The dissertation shows that a change in the organizational structure of a bank affects the incentives of loan officers to manipulate information and that the private information of a bank about small firms affects their bargaining power in credit negotiations and explains discretionary lending decisions of loan officers.
- Mosk, T.C.
(Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management)
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